‘Guided by the Holy Spirit we must come together and find new inclusive governance structures to replace the old patriarchal model, which has broken down’, writes Colm Holmes.
SENIOR CATHOLIC BISHOPS from all over the world gather in Rome this week for a four-day summit on clerical sexual abuse, which some say is the most serious crisis in the church since the Reformation.
Child sexual abuse will rightly top of the agenda, but it’s also just this month that Pope Francis admitted that Catholic priests and bishops have sexually abused nuns. Pope Francis said: “I think it is still going on, because it’s not something that just goes away like that.” And Pope Francis said this was a cultural problem, the roots of which lie in “seeing women as second class.”
That is a very honest admission by Pope Francis that women are seen as second class. That is the way it had been for many centuries. Women were there to raise children; the men were in charge. But that has changed dramatically in the last 100 years, with women getting the vote and every role becoming open to women – except of course in the Catholic Church.
But let’s go back to Pope Francis statement acknowledging that priests and bishops have sexually abused nuns. Was this news? Not really. In 1994 Irish Medical Missionary of Mary Sr. Maura O’Donohue had prepared a detailed report for the Vatican. O’Donohue wrote that at first she reacted with “shock and disbelief” at the “magnitude” of the problem she was encountering through her contacts with “a great number of sisters during the course of my visits” in a number of countries (22 in all, mainly in Africa, but including Ireland, USA and Italy):
- In some instances, candidates to religious life had to provide sexual favors to priests in order to acquire the necessary certificates and/or recommendations to work in a diocese.
- In several countries, sisters are troubled by policies that require them to leave the congregation if they become pregnant, while the priest involved is able to continue his ministry.
- One diocesan congregation has had to dismiss over 20 sisters because of pregnancy, again in many cases by priests.
- Some priests are recommending that sisters take a contraceptive, misleading them that ‘the pill’ will prevent transmission of HIV. Others have actually encouraged abortion for sisters with whom they have been involved.
- Some priests are known to have relations with several women, and also to have children from more than one liaison.
- In another country a recent convert from Islam was subjected to rape by the priest before being given the certificates. She found she was pregnant. Then she decided to go and talk to the bishop, who called in the priest. The priest accepted the accusation as true and was told by the bishop to go on a two-week retreat.
- Since the 1980s in a number of countries sisters are refusing to travel alone with a priest in a car because of fear of harassment or even rape.
[National Catholic Reporter 16 March 2001]
The Hierarchy effectively suppressed Sr. Maura O’Donohue’s Report. Here are just 2 examples of this:
- In 2001 Petronilla Samuriwo resigned her position as Editor of the Zimbabwe Bishops Conference “Catholic News.” She had published an account of Sr. Maura O’Donohue’s Report. The bishops banned the sale of their own publication because it contained that report! [“Healing Priesthood – Women’s Voices Worldwide” Darton Longman + Todd (2003]
- In 2005 Regina Soares Jurkewicz, eight years a professor at the Theological Institute of the Catholic diocese of São Paulo, Brazil, was fired, this right after she published the results of her doctoral research on sexual violence against women by Catholic clergy in Brazil. Her findings were in keeping with the findings of internal church reports from the 1990s, which documented the sexual exploitation and abuse of nuns and other adult women by Catholic priests in 23 countries on five continents. [National Catholic Reporter 21 October 2005]
The sexual abuse of nuns by priests and bishops is continuing, as confirmed at the Voices of Faith Overcoming Silence Seminar in November 2018 in Rome. One of the speakers was Doris Wagner who as a young nun was sexually abused by priests.
The second-class status of women in the Catholic Church continues:
- At the recent Youth Synod (2018) non-ordained men representing their Religious Orders were given votes; women representing their much larger Religious Orders were given no votes. This was the same as happened at the 2015 Synods on the Family
- The Pontifical Biblical Commission (which included no women) in 1976 reported that there is nothing in scripture preventing the ordination of women. Yet Pope Francis has confirmed Pope John Paul ll’s 1994 ban on the ordination of Women Priests saying the door is closed.
- No woman has been appointed to head any Vatican Department
- The Report from Pope Francis’ Commission for Women in the Diaconate has not been published
For centuries the church hierarchy did not have to justify excluding women from all ordained ministries. Everyone knew that women were naturally inferior to men. But in the 21st century that argument is now seen to be false. Instead the hierarchy now refers to the “Last Supper” and claims it was an ordination ceremony for the 12 male apostles. But would Jesus have excluded the women who supported him in his ministry from their own means? They followed Jesus up to Jerusalem; they were at the Last Supper; they stood at the foot of the cross when the men ran away; Mary of Magdala, Apostle to the Apostles, was the first witness of the Resurrection.
At the International Women’s Day Conference (8 March 2018) the former President of Ireland Mary McAleese said: “…the Catholic Church has long since been a primary global carrier of the virus of misogyny. It has never sought a cure though a cure is freely available. Its name is “equality”
In the churches around Ireland the large majority of the congregations are women. With the dramatic decline in the moral authority of our hierarchy the way forward must be through sharing decision making with all the Faithful, men and women, married or single, regardless of their sexual orientation. Guided by the Holy Spirit we must all come together in dialogue and find new inclusive governance structures to replace the old clericalist and patriarchal model which has broken down.
“In Christ there is neither Jew nor Greek, neither slave nor free, nor male and female” (Galatians 3:28).
Core Group Member of We Are Church Ireland
Chair of We Are Church International
On Leadership Circle of Women’s Ordination Worldwide
Article published in The Journal on 22 February 2019